I got the same issue as you did trying to compile a simple C++ (11) program for the frdm-k64f platform on Ubuntu 14.04
The culprit was the arm-none-eabi-gcc package you can download for this version of Ubuntu is broken.
What worked for me is to fetch it from following ppa: https://launchpad.net/~terry.guo/+archive/ubuntu/gcc-arm-embedded
However, unlike what’s written there, you shall then “install sudo apt-get install gcc-arm-none-eabi=126.96.36.1995q3-1trusty1”
Mind the difference at the end, when selecting the package…Not trusty13, but trusty1
You end up getting a working compiler and sysroot, eliminating the error you mentioned.
Have a great day